Raindrops – University of Toronto
Our idea is to develop a system that encompasses different Low Impact Development strategies throughout Downtown Toronto. We aimed to decentralize stormwater management in the city by creating opportunities for natural water retention and infiltration in as much of the city areas as possible.
As part of the integrated solution, the implementation of green roofs and walls is considered for a public building of the City of Toronto. The next part of the integrated solution is the implementation of several bioretention boxes that supports traffic at various locations to reduce run-off. These are particularly used on main roads where traffic lanes cannot be compromised.
The first layer of the bioretention box will be a 1.5 inches highly porous pavement. It is made with recycled tyres, urethane and crushed stones and can support up to 3000 gallons/square-foot/hour of water. This layer can also purify the water infiltrated by reducing phosphates and nitrates.
The second layer consists of many sub-layers, which deals with fine particle filtration, denitrification, dephosphorization and heavy metal removal.
The last layer is used for effective retention. It is a combination of soil with recycled silica glass aggregate made from crushed glass bottles. Silica reacts with water generating a long chain reaction that allows soil particles to absorb water like a sponge. The final part of the integrated solution involves placing bio-soil boxes on the sidewalks along all other local and collector roads in the city to temporarily store and infiltrate stormwater.